Given that in prehistoric times they did not have steel or special gears we have for modern instruments, they made due with what they had. The earliest instrument that has been found is that of a flute some made of bird bone or mammoth ivory (image below). These were also found in cave, but instead of France it was found in southern Germany. Using carbon dating these flutes date back to between 42,000 and 43,000 years old. You could argue that the holes of the flute were made by the teeth of an animal, but that would not explain the ivory flutes. Bone is hollow to allow room for bone marrow (the marrow makes red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets), but ivory is not. For prehistoric man (they were made by Homo sapiens), to make an ivory flute took time and intent. The finger holes vary between 3, 5, and 8. Compared to the 6, 8, and 11 finger holes modern flutes have, you would think the “music” that these prehistoric flutes made was just noise, but “the 18.7-centimetre-long flute, which is carved from mammoth ivory, has three finger holes and would have been capable of playing relatively complex melodies.”
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