First, what is Marfan syndrome? Marfan syndrome is defined as “a hereditary disorder of connective tissue, resulting in abnormally long and thin digits and also frequently in optical and cardiovascular defects.” In layman's terms it means to have “greater than average height, long arms and legs, eye problems, and enlargement of the aorta.” The actual definition is what the symptoms of Marfan syndrome consist of. Since Lincoln was a president and as such, was not open about his personal problems, it is possible he has Marfan Syndrome, which is why I said “there may have been” earlier. But many scientists agree that it is more than likely he had Marfan syndrome.
Now Marfan syndrome is by no means a new disorder. We actually have evidence that dates back to Egypt's New Kingdom; 1352 – 1334 BCE to be exact. During this time ruled a very controversial, at least in his time, pharaoh under the name of Akhenaten. He is most famous for changing the religion of Egypt from many to one, and for who he was married to; Nefertiti. Early in his rule, we can see a uniformity of the length of his face with the pharaohs that came before him, but that quickly changed as he became settled as pharaoh. From the statues to the art on the walls we could see his long limbs and face. Probably the most famous wall art is him and Nefertiti playing with their children (image below). But Nefertiti is also shown to having long limbs, so these can not be seen as trust worthy, right?
Please feel free to comment on what you thought of the blog, or other physical anthropological subjects you would like me to cover.